Direct AFM-based nanoscale mapping and tomography of open-circuit voltages for photovoltaics

In the article cited below Katherine Atamanuk, Justin Luria and Bryan D. Huey present “a new approach for directly mapping VOC (open-circuit voltage) with nanoscale resolution, requiring a single, standard-speed AFM scan. This leverages the concept of the proportional-integral-derivative (PID) feedback loop that underpins nearly all AFM topography imaging.”*

NanoWorld™ Pointprobe® CDT-NCHR conductive diamond coated silicon AFM probes were used in the described CT-AFM experiment.

Supporting information for «Direct AFM-based nanoscale mapping and tomography of open-circuit voltages for photovoltaics”: Figure S1: Representative quasi-VOC* image from the measured photocurrent upon illumination during an applied voltage fixed at 700 mV. NANOSENSORS conductive diamond coated CDT-NCHR AFM probes were used in the described CT-AFM experiment
Supporting information for «Direct AFM-based nanoscale mapping and tomography of open-circuit voltages for photovoltaics”: Figure S1: Representative quasi-VOC* image from the measured photocurrent upon illumination during an applied voltage fixed at 700 mV.

“Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) is an inexpensive thin-film photovoltaic with ca. 5% of the 2017 global market share for solar cells. To optimize the efficiency and reliability of these, or any electronic devices, a thorough understanding of their composition, microstructure, and performance is necessary as a function of device design, processing, and in-service conditions. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been a valuable tool for such characterization, especially of materials properties and device performance at the nanoscale. In the case of thin-film solar cells, local photovoltaic (PV) properties such as the open-circuit voltage, photocurrent, and work function have been demonstrated to vary by an order of magnitude, or more, within tens of nanometers […] Recently, property mapping with high spatial resolution by AFM has been further combined with the ability to serially mill a surface, in order to reveal underlying surface structures and uniquely develop three-dimensional (3D) nanoscale property maps. The most notable examples are based on pure current detection with the AFM to resolve conduction pathways in filamentary semiconducting devices and interconnects […], and tomographic AFM of photocurrents in polycrystalline solar cells during in situ illumination […].”*

*Katherine Atamanuk, Justin Luria, Bryan D. Huey
Direct AFM-based nanoscale mapping and tomography of open-circuit voltages for photovoltaics
Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 2018, 9, 1802–1808.
doi: 10.3762/bjnano.9.171

The article cited above is part of the Thematic Series “Scanning probe microscopy for energy-related materials”.

Please follow this external link for the full article: https://www.beilstein-journals.org/bjnano/articles/9/171

The article “Direct AFM-based nanoscale mapping and tomography of open-circuit voltages for photovoltaics” by Atamanuk et. al is an Open Access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Ultra-short Cantilevers for High Speed AFM – USC

If you would like to see what has been going on in the last few years in the field of high speed AFM then have a look at: http://www.highspeedscanning.com/hs-afm-references.html

We know that this list is far from complete so if you have used one of our USC tips in the research for your publication and your article isn’t listed yet then please let us know.

NanoWorld USC AFM tip for high-speed AFM
NanoWorld ultra-short AFM probes for high-speed atomic force microscopy

NANOWORLD POINTPROBE® DIAMOND COATED TIP (DT), CONDUCTIVE DIAMOND COATED TIP (CDT) SCREENCAST

Check out our screencast about NanoWorld Pointprobe® Diamond Coated Tip (DT), Conductive Diamond Coated Tip (CDT).

It will give you an overview of our Diamond Coated Tip (DT) and Conductive Diamond Coated Tip (CDT) which have been developed for applications that require hard contact between probe and sample. Some typical applications are friction force measurements, measurement of the elastic properties of samples, as well as wear measurements or nanostructuring.